Medication for Anxiety and Depression
Depression is a low-energy state. Anxiety refers to a condition of having high energy. These disorders are closely related. They interact with the same regions and share norepinephrine and serotonin neurotransmitters. People tend to experience these situations for a brief duration. However, you should seek treatment if you go through them for a long time.
Patients typically use medications for the conditions with other remedies, such as therapies and exercise. Family doctors, psychiatrists, and OB-GYNs prescribe medications to help you in the short or long term. Some of the medicines for anxiety and depression have adverse side effects or interaction with other substances. You must consult a licensed physician before you use them.
Medication for Depression
A doctor may prescribe these drugs for your depression.
1. Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs)
SNRIs block the uptake of serotonin and norepinephrine in your brain. This inhibition frees the two chemicals in tissues surrounding your nerves. Examples of SNRIs include desvenlafaxine succinate (Pristiq), desvenlafaxine (Khedezla), and duloxetine (Cymbalta). SNRIs may have side effects, such as weight gain, dizziness, sexual difficulties, and excessive sweating.
2. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
SSRIs increase serotonin levels in your brain by inhibiting their re-absorption. They are popular because they have few and mild side effects, and they have fewer drug interactions than other antidepressants. Examples of SSRIs are escitalopram oxalate (Lexapro), citalopram (Celexa), and sertraline (Zoloft). Side effects of SSRIs include dizziness, blurry vision, an upset stomach, sexual difficulties, and sleep troubles.
Other medications for depression include:
- Older tricyclic antidepressants, such as Elavil, Sinequan, imipramine (Tofranil), and nortriptyline (Pamelor).
- Tetracyclic antidepressants are noradrenergic and specific serotonergic antidepressants (NaSSAs). An example is Remeron.
- Vortioxetine (Trintellix) and vilazodone (Viibryd).
- N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) Receptor Antagonist. An example is esketamine (Spravato).
- Drugs with distinctive mechanisms, such as Wellbutrin.
- Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs). Examples are selegiline (EMSAM), phenelzine (Nardil), and tranylcypromine (Parnate).
Many patients need a combination of remedies to overcome their depression. Self-prescription puts you at risk of taking an ineffective drug. Additionally, it may cause adverse side effects or drug interactions with these medications. Consult your physician to know the best approaches to overcome your depression.
Some patients with depression do not realize they have a problem. You can know whether someone close to you has depression by looking out for the common signs of depression. Indications include thinking of suicide, lack of interest in activities, irritability, and abnormal sleeping pattern. If you notice your loved one having these signs, an intervention may be necessary to get them to seek help.
Medications for Anxiety
People with anxiety typically experience panic attacks in various situations. If you have tension, your doctor may prescribe some drugs.
1. Antidepressants such as SNRIs, tricyclic antidepressants, and SSRIs
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), tricyclic antidepressants, and Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) are antidepressants that doctors prescribe to patients with anxiety.
SSRIs stop nerve cells in your brain from re-absorbing serotonin. Serotonin plays a crucial function in mood regulation. SSRIs make more serotonin available to enhance the transmission of signals between neurons. Patients typically take SSRIs for up to a year to treat anxiety. The medications take 2 to 6 weeks to take effect. Once the prescription period elapses, you gradually reduce their dosage as you quit under the guidance of your physician.
SNRIs reduce the rate your brain re-absorbs norepinephrine and serotonin. These chemicals then improve the communication of signals between your neurons. SNRIs can take weeks to take effect.
Doctors have prescribed tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) for longer than SSRIs and SNRIs. Medics barely prescribe them now as they cause more side effects than the two categories of antidepressants. Physicians can prescribe them in a few instances, such as when the other drugs are ineffective. Possible side effects for tricyclic antidepressants include blurry vision, dry mouth, weight loss, drowsiness, excessive sweating, low blood pressure when standing, and tremors.
Benzodiazepines are sedative drugs that alleviate the physical signs of anxiety, such as rigid muscles. They encourage relaxation, which people with anxiety lack. Once you take a benzodiazepine, it may take a few minutes before you feel its effects. Examples of benzodiazepines are lorazepam (Ativan), chlordiazepoxide (Librium), alprazolam (Xanax), and diazepam (Valium). Side effects of benzodiazepines include blurry vision, dizziness, cognitive decline, sleeping difficulties, seizures, addiction, and risk of overdose.
Doctors rarely prescribe these drugs because they cause temporary relief, and they can be addictive. Consequently, experts recommend that you should take them under the guidance of your doctor, and the prescription should not last more than a month. A physician may recommend you take benzodiazepines with an SSRI as you wait for it to take effect.
Other medications for anxiety include:
- Beta-blockers. A doctor may prescribe them if you have heart conditions and high blood pressure. Examples are propranolol (Inderal) and atenolol (Tenormin).
- Buspirone (BuSpar). BuSpar acts slower than benzodiazepines but has a lower risk of addiction and fewer side effects than benzodiazepines.
- Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs). They include tranylcypromine (Parnate), phenelzine (Nardil), isocarboxazid (Marplan), and selegiline (Emsam). Doctors can prescribe them off-label for social phobia and symptoms of panic disorder.
Anxiety and depression may affect you as a cycle. You become anxious about a situation then develop pervasive thoughts about it. These ideas make you feel bad and believe that you have failed, taking you to the depression stage.
If you are suffering from depression and anxiety, drugs are not the only possible remedy. Treatment protocols often involve other solutions, such as exercise, meditation, and therapy. The order these approaches follow to be helpful may vary. You need to consult your doctor to know which strategies will work for your case and avoid many other complications.
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Someone you care for can be deep into addiction or be suffering from anxiety or depression. You may need to intervene to save your loved one from adverse consequences, such as suicide, overdose, or permanent health deterioration.
Intervention is a useful tool that can help you reach out and get help for the person that matters to you. You need to be ready to increase the chances of the intervention being successful. Sober Consultants can help you organize the intervention that can save your loved one.
Anxiety and depression affect many Americans. They often need the services of specialists to overcome the disorders. Professionals can help you overcome them by prescribing medications and guiding you on other helpful strategies. Reach out today to get the help you need.
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